# Chow test

The **Chow test** is a statistical and econometric test of whether the coefficients in two linear regressions on different data sets are equal. The Chow test was invented by economist Gregory Chow. In econometrics, the Chow test is most commonly used in time series analysis to test for the presence of a structural break. In program evaluation, the Chow test is often used to determine whether the independent variables have different impacts on different subgroups of the population.

Suppose that we model our data as

If we split our data into two groups, then we have

and

The null hypothesis of the Chow test asserts that , , and , and there is the assumption that the model errors are independent and identically distributed from a normal distribution with unknown variance.

Let be the sum of squared residuals from the combined data, be the sum of squared residuals from the first group, and be the sum of squared residuals from the second group. and are the number of observations in each group and is the total number of parameters (in this case, 3). Then the Chow test statistic is

The test statistic follows the F distribution with and degrees of freedom.

## References

- Doran, Howard E.(1989)
*Applied Regression Analysis in Econometrics*. CRC Press, ISBN 0-8247-8049-3, p. 146 (restricted online version (Google Books)) - Dougherty, Christopher (2007)
*Introduction to Econometrics*. Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-928096-7, p. 194 (restricted online version (Google Books)) - {{#invoke:Citation/CS1|citation

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## External links

- Computing the Chow statistic, Chow and Wald tests, Chow tests: Series of FAQ explanations from the Stata Corporation at http://www.stata.com/support/faqs/

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